The Anatomical Development of Type 1 Diabetes

According to American Diabetes Association, nearly 26 million children and adults in the United States have diabetes and 5% of people with diabetes have type 1, which is less common but much more serious than Type 2 diabetes. People who get the Type 1 diabetes produces little or no insulin, a hormone needed to convey sugar to enter cells to produce energy.  If the sugar stays in the blood at a high level, it could damage eyes, kidneys, nerves, and the hearts [3]. 40% of young people with diabetes are at risk of heart and kidney disease. Recently, the researchers could identify young people with type 1 diabetes at risk of heart and kidney disease by using a simple urine test, which may help offer treatment early and prevent them happening.

But there is exciting news from CNN! Type 1 diabetics could maintain normal glucose levels long-term through transplantation of the Islet cells, which could produce the insulin and regulate the glucose levels. It is waiting for approve of the Food and Drug Administration. But it cannot help with Type 2 diabetes, which occurs due to insulin resistance [1]. Most of Type 1 diabetics are diagnosed from infancy to the late 30s.

Knowing the symptoms of Type 1 diabetics could be important:

• Extreme thirst, especially for sweet, cold drinks

• Frequent urination

• Drowsiness or lethargy

• Increased appetite

• Sudden weight loss

• Sudden vision changes

• Sugar in the urine

• Fruity odor on the breath

• Heavy or labored breathing

• Stupor or unconsciousness

• Nausea and vomiting (acute symptoms)

If you have any signs from above, you should call a doctor immediately. Most of the diabetics begins in childhood and use insulin injections to control the diabetes, and it could become fatal quickly if not be controlled well [2]. There is more risk for low blood sugar because intensive insulin therapy. While Type 1 diabetes is not preventable, the usual complication of diabetic neuropathy can be prevent, which is usually happen at least 10 years after the diabetes is diagnosed. The best ways are to keep the blood sugar under control and assess the nerve function regularly [4].

 

[1] Cells offer hope for Type 1 diabetes, CNN news. http://www.cnn.com/2013/11/06/health/islet-cell-transplantation-diabetes/index.html?hpt=he_c2

[2] More Ways to Cope With Type 1 Diabetes, The New York Times.

http://www.nytimes.com/2011/10/25/health/25brody.html?_r=0

[3] What is Type 1 Diabetes? , Diabetes Research Institute Foundation.

http://www.diabetesresearch.org/what-is-type-one-diabetes

[4] How to Control Diabetic Neuropathy, Everyday Health.

http://www.everydayhealth.com/type-1-diabetes/diabetic-neuropathy.aspx

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